THE GRAVITON LABORATORY
The main Ideas
The Nobel Physics Prizes have been shaping the keys to use to enter exclusive sights of Physics for more than one hundred years.
The pioneers of the Quantum Physics are unquestionably Max Planck (1855-1947) and Albert Einstein (1879-1955).
Max Panck based his most fundamental work on the black body radiation; and his attempt to link the laws of Stefan and Wien to the general laws of the thermodynamics led him to make a revolutionary hypothesis: the black body radiation is quantized and the theory which sprang from this idea is the Theory of the quanta. Max Planck is the Physics Nobel prize-winner of 1918 for this theory and his work on the black body.
The attempt of the work of the Graviton Laboratory is to find a connection between the elementary particle Physics theory and laws of thermodynamics. On this point its works can be claimed to be a following episode of the physical efforts of Max Planck.
Einstein wrote four papers in Physics during the year 1905. One of them, dealing with the photoelectric effect, led to the Theory of the photons (Einstein's 1921 Nobel prize) which is an extension of the quanta theory to a more general sight of energy exchanges between electrons. This sight permitted a great deal of physicists to describe the changes in energy of the electrons of an atom. As the aim of searchers in fundamental physics, during the first half of the twentieth century and later on, was to explain forces at the newly described scale, the principle that the photon could be the carrier of the electromagnetic interaction appeared as a scientific truth.
The generalization of the idea that each of the four known interactions (electromagnetic, weak nuclear, strong nuclear and gravitation forces) is realized by a carrier (boson) has begun in 1916 when Albert Einstein predicted the existence of gravitational waves in his general theory of relativity. In the frame of the wave-corpuscle duality theory of Louis de Broglie (Nobel prize in Physics in 1929), this existence leads to consider that the gravity has its own "carrier" : the graviton. On one hand, if it did not exist, this would mean that both the quantum physics and the general relativity are mistaken theories. On the other hand, as highly mathematically expressed theories, it might be possible that mathematicians showed that these theories complied with a generalization of the "incompleteness" deduced from the Gödel's Incompleteness Theorem: the existence of the graviton might be undecidable through a mathematical view. But physically, the Graviton Laboratory works (see documents to download) seem to show this existence.
Some experiments are currently leaded in the world to prove the existence of gravitational waves: Virgo in Europe (in Italy with the participation of the French CNRS) and the different experiments under the global cover of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational wave Observatory (LIGO: LIGO Hanford Observatory, LIGO Livingston Observatory, California Institute of Technology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology). A failure of these experiments would not mean that the model of interaction developed by the Graviton Laboratory was spurious (the reverse is also true) because the scales studied and the investments are totally different.